NGAExperience® Nihon Goshin Aikido

This is a reprint of an article that discusses all of the Japanese names for the Techniques listed in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere (a book we recommend in our NGA Store).  The article is helpful because it also goes back and compares the traditional aikido names to their ancestral Daitō Ryu equivalent names.

John Driscoll  09-12-2008 11:25 AM

Correlation of Aikido and Daito-Ryu Waza

1 Attachment(s)

BACKGROUND:


In creating the technical body of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba adopted the majority of techniques forming the physical basis of his art from Daito-ryu. Ueshiba then changed the techniques to conform to his vision for Aikido, as a martial art and a way of peace. In modifying the Daito-ryu techniques, Ueshiba relied heavily on his philosophical and spiritual beliefs for guidance, as well as his other studies including sword.


Examining the Daito-ryu techniques adopted and adapted by Ueshiba will provide at least two benefits for the Aikido student. First, it will provide a greater appreciation of the brilliance displayed by Ueshiba in creating Aikido, building upon the genius of Sokaku Takeda. Second, the Aikido student will develop a better understanding of the technical origins of the art and the value of the changes made by Ueshiba.


There have been a variety of articles comparing and contrasting in general the techniques of Aikido and Daito-ryu, but I have been unable to find a correlation of the techniques forming the technical body of these arts. This article provides such a correlation.


DEVELOPING A CORRELATION OF AIKIDO AND DAITO-RYU TECHNIQUES:


In beginning the research to develop a correlation of Aikido and Daito-ryu techniques, I decided to use readily available, commercial reference material for the study. For simplicity, Aikido is represented by techniques as taught under traditions affiliated with the Aikikai, with Daito-ryu represented by the lineage of Tokumine Takeda, referred to as Daito-ryu Aikibudo. The selections do not imply any qualitative judgment with respect to the other branches of each art; rather the selections reflect the relative availability of reference material. I have also included a chart correlating Tomiki-ryu atemi waza and Daito-ryu techniques.


The following were used as primary reference material for Aikido techniques.


   Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere by Adele Westbrook and Oscar Ratti


   AIKIDO by Kisshomaru Ueshiba


   Best Aikido, The Fundamentals by Kisshomaru Ueshiba and Moriteru Ueshiba


   The Aikido Master Course, Best Aikido 2 by Moriteru Ueshiba.


   Takemusu Aikido, Volumes 1 -6, and Takemusu Aikido Special Edition: Commentary on Budo by Morihiro Saito


The following were used as primary reference material for Daito-ryu techniques.


   Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu, Hiden Mokuroku Ikkajo by Katsuyuki Kondo


   Katsuyuki Kondo Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu (Selected Techniques from Hiden Mokuroku -- Ikkajo through Gokajo, and Goshin no Te) (DVD)


   Katsuyuki Kondo Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu Ikkajo -- Part 1 (DVD)


   Katsuyuki Kondo Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu Ikkajo -- Part 2 (DVD)


   Daito-Ryu Aikibudo, History and Technique by Antonino Certa


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku 118 Jo, Volume 1 (Hiden Mokuroku Ikkajo and Hiden Mokuroku Nikajo) (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku 118 Jo, Volume 2 (Hiden Mokuroku Sankajo) (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku 118 Jo, Volume 3 (Hiden Mokuroku Yonkajo and Hiden Mokuroku Gokajo) (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku Ikkajo Uragata Volume 1 (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku Ikkajo Uragata Volume 2 (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku Nikajo Uragata Volume 1 (DVD)


   Daito-ryu Aiki Ju-Jutsu Hiden Mokuroku Nikajo Uragata Volume 2 (DVD)


I first compiled a list of all techniques contained in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere, in order of appearance, and then cross checked the list against the remaining Aikido reference material. The crosscheck resulted in the addition of several Aikido techniques to the charts, which are not included in Ratti and Westbrook's work.


A similar listing was made of all techniques contained in the Daito-ryu reference material. Emphasis was placed upon identifying the techniques contained in the Daito-ryu Hiden Mokuroku.


After compiling the list of Aikido techniques, I examined the Daito-ryu reference material to identify the techniques that appear related to each of the Aikido techniques. I then collated the results of the reviews.


NOTES ON TECHNIQUES:


I have identified the Daito-ryu techniques of Gyaku Ude Dori, Tate Eri Dori, and Dakijime Dori as corresponding to both Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo and Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo. The correspondence is based upon comments by Antonino Certa, an Aikido 4th Dan and Daito-ryu Shihan, and Morihiro Saito, an Aikido 9th Dan. Antonino Certa identified Ippondori, Gyaku Udedori, and similar techniques in the Ikkajo series of Daito-ryu as being the same as Ikkyo of Aikido.1 Morihiro Saito has noted the difference between Ikkyo Omote and Nikyo Omote, when tori grips the back of uke's hand as in Katate Dori Ikkyo Omote, is the application of Nikyo pressure.2 Similar comments have been made by other Aikido shihan, as oral instruction. Therefore, I have identified Gyaku Ude Dori, Tate Eri Dori, and Dakijime Dori as related to both Aikido techniques.


I have identified the Daito-ryu techniques of Kirikaeshi, Ryo Kata Hineri, Ryo Hiji Gaeshi, and Obi Otsohi of the Ikkajo series and Suso Barai of the Nikajo series as related to Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage) based upon the comments of Antonino Certa.3 I have also shown the Daito-ryu Ikkajo series techniques of Kirikaeshi, Ryo Kata Hineri, and Ryo Hiji Gaeshi as related to Gedan Ate of Tomiki-ryu, due to the obvious correspondence to the Tomiki Ryu techniques.


Based upon the comments of Tokumine Takeda, Tenchi Nage of Aikido is identified as being a technique contained in the Aiki Nage series of Daito-ryu.4


I have identified Koshinage of Aikido as related to Koshiguruma, a technique appearing in the Ikkajo, Nikajo and Nikajo Uragata series of Daito-ryu, based upon the statement of Tokumine Takeda.5 For reasons detailed in "Of Oak Leaves, Blind Hogs, and an Acorn, the Origin of O'Sensei's Koshi Nage," I believe Yagyu Shingan-ryu Taijutsu was the source of Ueshiba's Koshinage, not Daito-ryu. I do see Koshiguruma and several other techniques contained in the Daito-ryu Hiden Mokuroku, as well as Judo Koshi Waza, as probable sources of techniques incorporated into Aikido as koshi nage as the art evolved.


Likewise, I have identified Koshinage of Aikido as related to Seoi Nage due to the comments of Antonino Certa.6 I have also identified Daito-ryu Sankajo technique of Ganseki Otoshi related to Koshi Nage of Aikido, because of its technical commonality with Seoi Nage and Koshiguruma of the Nikajo series.


Based upon the comment of Katsuyuki Kondo, I have identified Gokyo of Aikido as derived from an unidentified technique included in the Gokajo series.7 It is interesting to note, Morihei Ueshiba identifies the technique in BUDO as a variant of Dai Ippo, also known as Ikkyo.


The Kata guruma demonstrated on the referenced DVD prepared under the direction of Kondo Sensei appears to be technically closer to Projection 12 in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere, than the Kata guruma demonstrated on the DVD of Kato Sensei.


The review of the public demonstrations featuring Kondo, included on Katsuyuki Kondo Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu, revealed techniques identical to Projection No. 3 -- Kaiten Nage, Projection No. 8 -- Kokyu Nage, Projection No. 22 -- Kokyu Nage, and Projection No. 28 -- Aiki Nage, as well as Ushiro Ate from Tomiki Ryu Aikido. I suspect these techniques are from the Aiki Nage series, and have identified them that way.


I have included all arm locks taught in Aikido using pressure to hyperextend the elbow joint under the general heading of Ude Hishigi. The most common version of the elbow joint lock is Ude Hishigi Waki Gatame, also referred to as Rokkyo, Hiji Gime and Hiji Shime.


Although not appearing in either Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere or the books by Kisshomaru Ueshiba and Moriteru Ueshiba, I have included under the Aikido Immobilizations a technique referred to in the Iwama tradition of Aikido as Nanakyo -- Hiji Gatame, as numerous senior Aikido instructors teach the technique as a kokyu nage and as a knife defense. For similar reasons, I have also included Kubi Nage in the charts, as numerous senior Aikido instructors teach the technique as a kokyu nage.


Lastly, I did not list those Daito-ryu Ikkajo Uragata and Nikajo Uragata techniques, which have no substantive difference from the corresponding technique in the Hiden Mokuroku.


CORRELATION OF AIKIDO AND DAITO-RYU TECHNIQUES


How to Read the Correlation:


The first entry is the reference for the technique as it appears in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere. The second entry is the term used by the Aikikai to identify the technique. Any parenthetical entry provides other terms in common use to describe the technique within the Aikido community.


The indented listing, appearing below the Aikido technique provides the related Daito-ryu techniques, grouped by series (Ikkajo, Nikajo, etc.), within the Hiden Mokuroku. (Note: A number of Aikido techniques do not appear to have a related technique within the Hiden Mokuroku.)


IMMOBILIZATIONS


Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo (Ude Osae, Oshi Taoshi) ≈


   Ikkajo: Ippondori, Gyaku Ude Dori, Tate Eri Dori, Dakijime Dori, Nukite Dori


Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo (Kote Mawashi) ≈


   Ikkajo: Gyaku Ude Dori, Tate Eri Dori, Dakijime Dori, Nukite Dori

   Nikajo: Kote Zume, Shuto Zume, Gyaku Gote, Kamate Zume

   Sankajo: Soto Gote, Uchi Ude Gaeshi

   Yonkajo: Temakura Zume

   Ikkajo Uragata: Tachi Eri Dori


Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo (Kote Hineri) ≈


   Nikajo: Konoha Gaeshi, Irimi Zume

   Sankajo: Tsuri Otoshi, Maki Zume, Kataha Gaeshi, Waki Zume, Maki Zume Otoshi, Kiriha

   Yonkajo: Waki Zume Otoshi

   Gokajo: Koban Gaeshi


Immobilization No. 4 -- Yonkyo (Tekubi Osae) ≈


   Sankyo: Gassho Dori

   Yonkajo: Ura Gote, Uchi Gote


Immobilization No. 5 -- Gokyo (Ude Nobashi) ≈


   Gokajo (See the explanation in Notes On Techniques.)


Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage (Tenkai Kote Gaeshi) ≈


   Ikkajo: Shiho Nage (Omote & Ura), Irimi Nage, Hanmi Nage

   Sankajo: Shiho Nage (Omote & Ura), Ippon Katsugi

   Yonkajo: Kasumi Nage

   Ikkajo Uragata: Shiho Nage

   Nikajo Uragata: Kote Gaeshi


Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi ≈


   Ikkajo: Kote Gaeshi

   Nikajo: Kote Gaeshi

   Sankajo: Ude Gaeshi, Kobushi Gaeshi

   Ikkajo Uragata: Kote Gaeshi


Ude Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame, Hara Gatame) ≈


   Nikajo: Hiji Kujiki, Kataha Dori

   Sankajo: Shichiri Biki, Kakae Kujiki, Hiji Kujiki, Waki Garami, Waki Kujiki

   Yonkajo: Waki Dori Omote, Waki Dori Ura

   Gokajo: Makikomi Kujiki, Enma

   Ikkajo Uragata: Ippondori


Nanakyo (Hiji Gatame) ≈


   Sankajo: Te Makura


PROJECTIONS


Projection No. 1 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage) ≈


   Nikajo: Gyaku Dasuki

   Ikkajo Uragata: Ryo Kata Hineri

   Nikajo Uragata: Gyaku Dasuki


Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage) ≈


   Ikkajo: Kirikaeshi, Ryo Kata Hineri, Ryo Hiji Gaeshi, Obi Otsohi

   Nikajo: Suso Barai

   Ikkajo Uragata: Kirikaeshi

   Nikajo Uragata: Seoi Nage


Projection No. 3 -- Kaiten-Nage ≈


   Aiki Nage*


Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage ≈


   Ikkajo: Koshiguruma

   Nikajo: Koshiguruma, Seoi Nage

   Sankajo: Ganseki Otoshi

   Nikajo Uragata: Koshiguruma


Projection No. 5 -- Aiki-Otoshi (Sukui Nage) ≈


   Nikajo: Sukui Nage


Projection No. 6 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   Ikkajo: Shime Gaeshi

   Aiki Nage*


Projection No. 7 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 8 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 9 -- Tenchi-Nage ≈


   Aiki Nage*


Projection No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi Otoshi ≈


   Ikkajo: Karuma Daoshi, Ura Otoshi

   Nikajo: Hiji Kujiki (Idori)

   Yonkajo: Ura Otoshi

   Ikkajo Uragata: Ura Otoshi


Projection No. 10 Attack No. 5 -- Hiji Ate ≈


   Sankajo: Kata Ude Nage

   Yonkajo: Irichigai

   Nikajo Uragata: Tsuki Taoshi


Projection No. 12 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   Nikajo: Kata Guruma

   Yonkajo: Senryu


Projection No. 13 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 14 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   Ikkajo Uragata: Kata Otoshi


Projection No. 15 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 16 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 17 -- Juji-Garami (Juji Nage) ≈


   Ikkajo: Karami Nage

   Sankajo: Karami Zume

   Yonkajo: Daruma Gaeshi


Projection No. 18 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 19 (Kibisu Gaeshi) ≈


   Nikajo: Suso Dori

   Sankajo: Ashijime


Projection No. 20 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 21 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 22 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   Aiki Nage*


Projection No. 23 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 24 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   Ikkajo: Izori

   Yonkajo: Izori


Projection No. 25 -- Kokyu Nage (Omote) ≈


   Nikajo: Hiki Otoshi


Projection No. 26 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 27 -- Kokyu Nage ≈


   No Identifiable Correlation


Projection No. 28 -- Aiki Nage (Sudori) ≈


   Aiki Nage*


Kubi Nage (Men Nage) ≈


   Nikajo: Kubi Nage, Kubi Hineri


TOMIKI RYU ATEMI WAZA


Shomen Ate ≈


   Ryo Eri Dori Ryu no Agito**


Ai Gamae Ate ≈


   Nikajo: Tsuki Taoshi, Hiji Kujiki (Idori)


Gyaku Gamae Ate ≈


   Ikkajo: Kirikaeshi, Ryo Kata Hineri, Ryo Hiji Gaeshi

   Nikajo: Suso Barai

   Ikkajo Uragata: Kirikaeshi

   Nikajo Uragata: Seoi Nage


Gedan Ate ≈


   Ikkajo: Kirikaeshi, Ryo Kata Hineri, Ryo Hiji Gaeshi


Ushiro Ate ≈


   Aiki Nage*


Notes on Correlations:


Aiki Nage* -- Techniques in the Aiki Nage series have no individual identifiers.


Ryo Eri Dori Ryu no Agito** -- The technique is an applied version of Tomiki Ryu Shomen Ate. While I did not see a technique in Daito-ryu Aikibudo corresponding to Shomen Ate, I did locate one, Ryote Eri Dori Ryu no Agito, in The Hiden Roots of Aikido, Aiki Jujutsu Daito Ryu by Shiro Omiya, and have included it in the chart. Omiya studied Daito-ryu under the instruction of Kozui Tsuruyama, who was a student of Takuma Hisa, who studied with both Ueshiba and Takeda.


CORRELATION OF DAITO-RYU AND AIKIDO TECHNIQUES


How to Read the Correlation:


The first entry identifies the of Daito-ryu techniques, grouped by set (Ikkajo, Nikajo, etc.), within the Hiden Mokuroku, and the Ikkajo and Nikajo Uragata. I have not differentiated Idori, Hanza Handachi, and Tachiai utilizing the same term.


The entry to the right of the equal sign identifies the related Aikido technique. The first entry is the reference for the technique as it appears in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere. The second entry is the term used by the Aikikai to identify the technique. Any parenthetical entry provides other terms in common use to describe the technique.


Also, I have included Daito-ryu techniques not contained in the Hiden Mokuroku that appear related to Aikido techniques.


IKKAJO


Ippondori ≈ Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo


Kuruma Daoshi ≈ Projections No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi Otoshi


Gyaku Ude Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo, Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Koshiguruma ≈ Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage


Karami Nage ≈ Projection No. 17 -- Juji Garami


Ura Otoshi ≈ Projections No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi Otoshi


Obi Otoshi ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)


Kirikaeshi ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)


   Gedan Ate


Kote Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Shiho Nage (Omote & Ura) ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Shime Gaeshi ≈ Projection No. 6 -- Kokyu Nage


Nukite Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo, Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Hanmi Nage ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Izori ≈ Projection No. 24 -- Kokyu Nage


Irimi Nage ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Tachi Eri Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo, Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Ryote Kata Hineri ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)


   Gyaku Gamae Ate


Ryo Hiji Gaeshi ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)


   Gyaku Gamae Ate


Dakijime Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 1 -- Ikkyo, Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


(Note: The Idori versions of Hiji Gaeshi, Dakijime, and Hizajime do not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique. The Hanza Handachi and Ushiro technique Kata Otoshi does not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique. The technique Kata Otoshi appearing in the Hanza Handachi and Ushiro groups appears to be the same as Ippon Seoi Otoshi of Kodokan Judo.)


NIKAJO


Gyaku Dasuki ≈ Projection No. 1 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage)


Hiki Otoshi ≈ Projection No. 25 -- Kokyu Nage (Omote)


Kubi Nage ≈ Kubi Nage (Men Nage)


Susobarai ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)


   Gedan Ate


Seoi Nage ≈ Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage


Shuto Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Kote Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Kataguruma ≈ Projection No. 12 -- Kokyu Nage


Koshiguruma ≈ Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage


Kotezume ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Hiji Kujiki (Idori) ≈ Projections No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi Otoshi, Ai Gamae Ate


Konoha Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Kubi Hineri ≈ Kubi Nage (Men Nage)


Kataha Dori ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Kamate Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Suso Dori ≈ Projection No. 19(Kibisu Gaeshi)


Hiji Kujiki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Irimi Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Tsuki Taoshi ≈ Ai Gamae Ate


Sukui Nage ≈ Projection No. 5 -- Aiki Otoshi


Gyaku Gote ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


(Note: The Tachiai technique Sei Kujiki and the Ushiro technique Kubi Nage do not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique.)


SANKAJO


Tsuri Otoshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Soto Gote ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Maki Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Waki Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Ganseki Otoshi ≈ Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage


Uchi Ude Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Shichiri Biki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Ippon Katsugi ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Shiho Nage ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Te Makura ≈ Nanakyo -- Hiji Gatame


Kobushi Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Kakae Kujiki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Karami Zume ≈ Projection No. 17 -- Juji Garami


Kiriha ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Gasho Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 4 -- Yonkyo (Tekubi Osae)


Hiji Kujiki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Kataha Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Ashi Jime ≈ Projection No. 19 (Kibisu Gaeshi)


Waki Kujiki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Maki Zume Otoshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Ude Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Wakigarami ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Kata Ude Nage ≈ Projection No. 10 Attack No. 5 -- Hiji Ate


(Note: The Tachiai technique Sei Kujiki and the Ushiro technique Kubi Nage do not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique.)


YONKAJO


Ura Gote ≈ Immobilization No. 4 -- Yonkyo


Uchi Gote ≈ Immobilization No. 4 -- Yonkyo


Temakura Zume ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Waki Dori Omote ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Waki Dori Ura ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Irichigai ≈ Projection No. 10 Attack No. 5 -- Hiji Ate


Izori ≈ Projection No. 24 -- Kokyu Nage


Ura Otoshi ≈ Projections No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi Otoshi


Senryu ≈ Projection No. 12 -- Kokyu Nage


Wakizume Otoshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Kasumi Nage Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Daruma Gaeshi ≈ Projection No. 17 -- Juji Garami


(Note: The Yonkajo techniques Kakae Kubi, Tatsumaki, and Hadakjime do not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique.)


GOKAJO


Makikomi Kujiki ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Koban Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 3 -- Sankyo


Enma ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


(Note: The Gokajo techniques Kannuki Zume, Shumoku and Taki Otoshi do not appear to have a comparable Aikido technique. Additionally, I could only locate video of six of the thirteen techniques contained in the Gokajo series.)


IKKAJO URAGATA


Ippondori ≈ Ude-Hishigi (Rokkyo, Hiji Shime, Hiji Gime, Waki Gatame)


Kuruma Daoshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Ura Otoshi ≈ Projections No. 10 and 11 -- Sumi-Otoshi


Kirikaeshi ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)

Gyaku Gamae Ate


Kote Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 7 -- Kote Gaeshi


Shiho Nage ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Tachi Eri Dori ≈ Immobilization No. 2 -- Nikyo


Ryo Kata Hineri ≈ Projection No. 1 -- Irimi Nage


Kata Otoshi Projection No. 14 -- Kokyu Nage


NIKAJO URAGATA


Gyaku Dasuki ≈ Projection No. 1 -- Irimi Nage


Seoi Nage ≈ Projection No. 2 -- Irimi Nage (Kokyu Nage, Sokumen Irimi Nage)

Gyaku Gamae Ate


Kote Gaeshi ≈ Immobilization No. 6 -- Shiho Nage


Koshiguruma ≈ Projection No. 4 -- Koshi Nage


Tsuki Taoshi ≈ Projection No. 10 Attack No. 5 -- Hiji Ate


AIKI NAGE ≈


   Projection No. 3 -- Kaiten-Nage

   Projection No. 6 -- Kokyu Nage

   Projection No. 9 -- Tenchi-Nage

   Projection No. 22 -- Kokyu Nage

   Projection No. 28 -- Aiki Nage (Sudori)

   Shomen Ate (Tomiki Ryu)


(Note: Techniques in the Aiki Nage series have no individual identifier.)


I would anticipate the identification of further correspondence between Daito-ryu techniques and the many Kokyu Nage of Aikido, as catalogued in Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere, as additional Daito-ryu material becomes available, specifically the Aiki Nage series.


As I developed the correlations as a research tool to identify comparable techniques of Aikido and of Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu, I would welcome input regarding any omission or error.


A Final Observation


It is interesting to note the correlation reveals 97 of the 118 Hiden Mokuroku techniques, approximately 82%, appear in Aikido as either primary techniques or henkawaza.


NOTES


1. Certa, Antonino. Daito-Ryu Aikibudo, History and Technique. (Milano: Luni Editrice.) 71


2. Morihiro Saito, Takemusu Aikido, Volume 1 (Tokyo: Aiki News, 1996) 100, 131.


3. Certa, Antonino. Daito-Ryu Aikibudo, History and Technique. (Milano: Luni Editrice.) 71


4. Pranin, Stanley A. Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu. Tokyo: Aiki News, 1996. 52


5. Pranin, Stanley A. Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu. Tokyo: Aiki News, 1996. 52


6. Certa, Antonino. Daito-Ryu Aikibudo, History and Technique. (Milano: Luni Editrice.) 71


7. Pranin, Stanley A. Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu. Tokyo: Aiki News, 1996. 157


BIBLIOGRAPHY


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Takeda Sokku

The Daito-Ryu Man

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